Iodine introduction


 

The word “Iodine” which was discovered by the French chemist Bernard Courtois in 1811,  is derived from the Greek word “Iodes” meaning violet or purple.  It is a chemical element with symbol " I " and the atomic number 53. 

Iodine is first isolated from dried algae. This element is also derived from deep-sea salmon.

The iodine production of the KKC is classified according to its apparent characteristics and production method according to the requirements of USP as follows:

  1. iodine derived from melting, grinding and roasting; In packings of 25 & 50 kg with irregular shaped beads and size 5 > mm

  2. Iodine from sublimation and cooling (condensation) with natural crystals; Packed in 25,35 & 50kg and size 2 > mm

  3. Lab’s iodine with a degree of purity greater than 99.9% due to sublimation and a multiphase condensation with natural crystals of size 5 > mm

  4.  

Row

Kind of product

packing

Particle size

purity

Remaining Ash Non-Volatile

chlorobromine Percentage

(In chlorine)

1

Iodine from the melting and grinding process

25 kg

50 kg

 5 mm>

99.8%<

0.05%>

0.028%>

2

Iodine from sublimation and condensation

25 kg

50 kg

2 mm>

99.8%<

0.01%>

0.028%>

3

Lab’s iodine

100 gr

250 gr

5 mm >

99.9%<

0.005%>

0.02%>

 

 

 

 

Applications of iodine:

Generally, iodine is used in the pharmaceutical industry, disinfectants, in the manufacture of LEDs and LCDs, contrast media, food stabilizers, nylon, high-purity metals, iodized fertilizers, electronics and iodized compounds.

 

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